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  • Summary of styles
  • Let’s summarize all the various ways a set of initials may be written, and apply them to a single example: Some of these results are silly, showing that the various styles are not always appropriate or necessary. When making a new acronym or initialism, a writer should choose a presentation that matches similar terms in the field and that is clear and understandable to the reader. The default modern style is all-capital initial letters with no spaces, e.g., ‘QWP’.
  • The minus sign (−)
  • The minus sign (−) receives its own special treatment because it denotes a mathematical function and thus does not belong to standard English grammar. Below are some examples highlighting the subtle differences between the minus sign and en dash. This table highlights how the minus sign and the en dash differ among fonts. The minus sign sits slightly higher up than the en dash in Times New Roman font.   Dash symbol Minus sign(correct) En dash(incorrect) Serif, e.g. Times New Roman 12 − 4 = 8 12 – 4 = 8 Sans serif, e.g...