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  • Dates and ranges in English academic writing
  • Decades or centuries When referring to a general period rather than a specific year or range, it is fine to use either words or numerals. For example, thirteenth century and 13th century are both usually acceptable when talking about the century generally, but it would best to write 1233 CE or 1233 AD when talking about a specific event. Similarly, you could write ‘studies in the 1960s’ or ‘studies in the sixties’, but should write “studies from 1960 – 61” if the range is more specific. Note that ranges are linked with an en dash (–) rather than...
  • Can I publish parts of my dissertation as a journal paper?
  • General considerations Submitting your dissertation chapters as published papers is encouraged, and sometimes mandatory, in many institutions. The advantages are that published papers have already been through the peer review process, so are deemed scientifically sound by experts in your field, which minimises the potential error for your examiners when assessing your dissertation. Further, published papers are copy edited by in-house editors at the target journal before being published, so your published chapter will in theory be grammatically sou...