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  • Grammar with acronyms in academic writing
  • Finally, we should look at how the various rules of grammar and punctuation work around acronyms and initialisms. The rules remain the same, of course, but the nature of acronyms and initialisms means they may be applied in unexpected ways or writers can encounter difficulties in applying them. Indefinite articles: ‘a’ and ‘an’ First, let’s look at the use of the indefinite article, ‘a’. To revise, this is used before a noun to indicate it is a general, unidentified, or non-specific example of something; e.g., “I picked up a book.” If it is follow...
  • Em dashes (—)
  • Em dashes (—) are used less as scientific notation and more as a stylistic tool in creative writing to place emphasis and direct the reader’s attention to specific parts of text. Because of this, within academic writing, em dashes are more commonly used in literature, the humanities, and social science. In situations where a comma might be used to initiate a list of items, we can replace the comma with an em dash to distinguish the individual elements as standalone list items that invite attention. As a result, it helps in either breaking up a leng...