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  • What’s wrong with “the present study”?
  • Difficulty: Intermediate Uni-edit English Editors are accustomed to seeing the self-referential phrase “the present study”, which an author uses in a paper to refer to itself or accompanying research. It’s not a particularly technical term, nor is it subject-specific: it appears in the natural sciences and social sciences with equal frequency. Most Asian languages have a word with exactly this meaning: for example, 本研究 in both Chinese (běn yánjiū) and Japanese (hon-kenkyuu), so it’s easy for non-native speakers of English to translate directly from...
  • How to introduce acronyms
  • Traditional brackets The standard way to introduce an acronym or initialism is to place it in round brackets after the full term. This is the approach I’ve used in many of the above examples. That is, suppose we wish to introduce the initials ‘AWP’ for ‘acoustic wave propagator’. We would write: Correct: “In this paper, an acoustic wave propagator (AWP) approach is employed to investigate sound propagation around a barrier.” This approach is the simplest and the easiest to understand and follow, so it is the most commonly used in academic writing. T...