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  • Using acronyms in your academic writing
  • Where to introduce an acronym Standard rule for introduction of an acronym The standard rule given by many journals, style guides, and editors for when to introduce an acronym or initialism is to introduce it at the first use of the full term. Thereafter, the acronym or initialism, without the full term, should be used instead. An acronym or initialism should not be used alone (without the full term) if it has not been explained to the reader in earlier text. This is the most efficient and straightforward approach. You’re probably quite familiar wit...
  • How are journals ranked?
  • General considerations Academic journals are ranked according to a metric called the Impact Factor. This metric is a measure of the annual citations for that journal versus the number of papers in the journal. Specifically, for any given year, by the number of citations a journal received for the preceding two years is divided by the number of published papers for those two preceding years. Therefore, the more citations a journal receives relative to the number of papers it publishes, the higher the Impact Factor. Within science, for example, the jo...